Chronic heart failure (HF) remains a significant untapped market in the U.S. Although numerous innovative technologies have been investigated over the past 5 years, most have lacked the effectiveness to warrant broad adoption, or complex regulatory requirements-set against a tight capital environment-have delayed or slowed their commercialization. In addition, sophisticated ventricular assist devices and total artificial hearts target patients with advanced disease, who represent a small share of total patients. Only cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) has found broad acceptance, contributing 90% of revenues in 2009 based on its proven value for selected patients with systolic HF.
Unfortunately, only about 1 million of the 6 million HF patients in the U.S. are candidates for CRT therapy. About one-half of patients have diastolic disease, for which treatment largely relies on drug therapy, and patients with systolic disease who are not candidates for CRT therapy have few options for slowing their disease progression. Such patients account for a substantial share of the 4+ million annual hospitalizations for HF that tax the health delivery system. Thus, products designed to treat these underserved patients and keep them out of the hospital, such as hemodynamic monitoring implants, ultrafiltration technologies, and cell therapy, are expected to find a particularly warm reception from clinicians and payers alike. Coupled with continued growth in CRT therapy and realization of niche opportunities, the impact will be to create a chronic HF technologies market of $5 billion in 2015.
These are among some of the findings of a new, comprehensive report published by Health Research International-entitled "U.S. Opportunities in Heart Failure Technologies"-and distributed exclusively by Life Science Intelligence. This nearly 500-page report presents "must have" expert analysis of the epidemiology of chronic HF that is driving specific segments of the market, plus details on current and emerging therapeutic options. Each product market is modeled econometrically to make the report a working tool for companies purchasing it. Forecasts are provided through 2015, plus supplier shares for 2009. The econometric market models built from the demand side have been compared with supply-side data developed through detailed analyses of supplier financial reports and interviews. Among the products covered are: CRT devices, ventricular assist devices, total artificial hearts, implanted and external counterpulsation technologies, ultrafiltration systems, hemodynamic monitoring implants, neurostimulation technologies, cell and gene therapies, surgical ventricular restoration devices, and surgical cardiac support devices, among others. The report provides what we believe is the most comprehensive and accurate assessment of developments in U.S. chronic heart failure technologies and markets currently available.
Advanced Cell Technology
Boston Scientific Corporation
St. Jude Medical Inc.
SynCardia Systems Inc.
Overview of Heart Failure Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy Ventricular Assist Devices Other Mechanical Circulatory Support Technologies. Ultrafiltration and Fluid Reduction Technologies Hemodynamic Monitoring Neuromodulation Cell and Gene Therapy Surgical Technologies Companies
Summary Exhibit 1: Device-Based Heart Failure Technologies, U.S. Market Forecast, 2008-2015 Summary Exhibit 2: Heart Failure Patients, U.S. Forecast by Total Prevalence and NYHA Functional Class, 2008-2015 Summary Exhibit 3: Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy, U.S. Market Forecast by Device Type, 2008-2015 Summary Exhibit 4: Ventricular Assist Devices, U.S. Market Forecast by Indication, 2008-2015 Summary Exhibit 5: Other Mechanical Circulatory Assist Technologies, U.S. Market Forecast by Type, 2008-2015 Summary Exhibit 6: Leading Suppliers to Heart Failure Market, 2009 1.0 HEART FAILURE OVERVIRE AND EPIDEMIOLOGY 1.1 The Heart As A Pump 1.2 Definition of Heart Failure 1.3 Types of Heart Failure 1.4 Pathophysiology of Heart Failure 1.4.1 Frank Starling Mechanism 1.4.2 Neurohormonal Activation 1.4.3 Cardiac Remodeling 1.4.4 Clinical Outcome 1.5 Clinical Manifestations of Heart Failure 1.6 Functional Classification of Heart Failure 1.7 Epidemiology of Heart Failure 1.7.1 Etiology 220.127.116.11 Coronary Artery Disease 18.104.22.168 Hypertension 22.214.171.124 Cardiomyopathy 126.96.36.199.1 Dilated Cardiomyopathy 188.8.131.52.2 Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy 184.108.40.206.3 Restrictive Cardiomyopathy 220.127.116.11 Valvular Heart Disease 18.104.22.168 Diabetes 22.214.171.124 Atrial Fibrillation 126.96.36.199 Renal Insufficiency 188.8.131.52 Other Causes of Heart Failure 1.7.2 Risk Factors 1.7.3 Incidence & Prevalence 1.7.4 Mortality 1.7.5 Morbidity and Economic Impact 1.8 Diagnosis of Heart Failure 1.8.1 Scoring Systems 1.8.2 BNP Testing in Heart Failure 1.9 Treatment of Heart Failure 1.10 Target Populations by Therapy 1.10.1 Systolic versus Diastolic Heart Failure 1.10.2 Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy 1.10.3 Ventricular Assist Devices 1.10.4 Counterpulsation Implants 1.10.5 Heart Failure Surgery 1.10.6 Fluid Reduction (Renal Impairment) 1.10.7 Neurostimulation 1.10.8 Hemodynamic Monitoring 1.10.9 Central Sleep Apnea Exhibit 1-1: The Heart as a Pump Exhibit 1-2: Types of Heart Failure Exhibit 1-3: Pathophysiology of Intravascular Volume Homeostasis Exhibit 1-4: Comparison of Normal vs Enlarged Heart Exhibit 1-5: Effects of Neurohormonal Agents on Cardiac Remodeling Exhibit 1-6: Compensatory Mechanisms in Heart Failure Exhibit 1-7: Adverse Effects of Compensatory Mechanisms in Heart Failure Exhibit 1-8: Common Symptoms of Heart Failure Exhibit 1-9: NYHA Functional Classification of Heart Failure Exhibit 1-10: ACC/AHA Classification of Heart Failure Exhibit 1-11: Life Cycle of Heart Failure Using ACC/AHA Classification System Exhibit 1-12: Major Epidemiological Studies of Heart Failure in the U.S. Exhibit 1-13: Major Conditions Contributing to Development of Heart Failure Exhibit 1-14: Etiology of Heart Failure Exhibit 1-15: Demographics and Concomitant Diseases Associated with Acute Heart Failure Syndromes in Three Registries Exhibit 1-16: Relative Risk Factors for Development of Heart Failure Exhibit 1-17: Incidence and Prevalence of Heart Failure in U.S. Exhibit 1-18: Summary of U.S. Heart Failure Epidemiology Exhibit 1-19: U.S. Heart Failure Patient Forecast by Age and Gender, 2008-2015 Exhibit 1-20: Heart Failure Prevalence by NYHA Functional Classification, 2008-2015 Exhibit 1-21: Survival After Heart Failure in the Framingham Heart Study Exhibit 1-22: Trend in U.S. Hospital Discharges for Heart Failure, 2001-2006 Exhibit 1-23: Trend in Hospital Discharges for Heart Failure by Sex: 1979-2006 Exhibit 1-24: Estimated Direct and Indirect Costs of Heart Failure, 2010 Exhibit 1-25: Sensitivity, Specificity, and Predictive Value of Symptoms, Signs and Chest X-Ray Findings for the Presence of Heart Failure Exhibit 1-26: Scoring Systems for Heart Failure Diagnosis Exhibit 1-27: Comparison of Variables Utilized by Scoring Systems for Heart Failure Diagnosis Exhibit 1-28: ACC/AHA Guidelines for Heart Failure Treatment Exhibit 1-29: Comparison of Diastolic and Systolic Heart Failure Exhibit 1-30: Mortality of Diastolic versus Systolic Heart Failure in Selected Studies Exhibit 1-31: Prevalence of Diastolic Heart Failure in Selected Clinical Studies Exhibit 1-32: Selected Studies Estimating Heart Failure Patients with Depressed Ejection Fraction Exhibit 1-33: Heart Failure Patients with Depressed Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction and Wide QRS Complex Exhibit 1-34: Prevalence of Left Bundle Branch Block in Selected Clinical Studies Exhibit 1-35: U.S. Heart Transplant Waiting List Additions, 2000-2010 Exhibit 1-36: Estimated NYHA Class III/IV Heart Failure Patients Refractory to Optimal Medical Therapy, 2008-2015 Exhibit 1-37: Estimated Heart Failure Candidates for Fluid Reduction Therapy, 2008-2015 Exhibit 1-38: Selected Epidemiologic Studies of Central Sleep Apnea in Heart Failure Exhibit 1-39: Heart Failure Patients with Central Sleep Apnea, 2008-2015 2.0 RHYTHM MANAGEMENT IN HEART FAILURE 2.1 Cardiac Electrophysiology 2.1.1 Measuring the Heart's Electrical Activity 2.1.2 Pathophysiology of Abnormal Electrical Timing 2.2 Rhythm Management Strategies Targeting Heart Failure 2.2.1 Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy (CRT) 2.2.2 Defibrillation 2.2.3 Triventricular Pacing 2.3 Technologies 2.3.1 Description and Implantation 2.3.2 Clinical Experience 184.108.40.206 COMPANION Trial 220.127.116.11 MADIT-CRT 2.3.3 Indications 2.3.4 Issues 2.3.5 Products and Suppliers 18.104.22.168 Boston Scientific 22.214.171.124 Biotronik 126.96.36.199 EBR Systems 188.8.131.52 Medtronic 184.108.40.206 St. Jude Medical 220.127.116.11 Sorin/ELA Medical 2.4 Addressable CRT Patient Population 2.5 Procedure Forecast 2.6 Market Analysis Exhibit 2-1: Electric Conduction System of the Heart Exhibit 2-2: Rhythm Management Approaches to Heart Failure Exhibit 2-3: Lead Positions for Biventricular Pacing Exhibit 2-4: COMPANION Trial: 12 Month Outcomes Exhibit 2-5: MADIT-CRT Trial: Selected Outcomes Exhibit 2-6: Selected CRT Devices, 2010 Exhibit 2-7: Potential U.S. Patient Population for CRT, 2008-2015 Exhibit 2-8: U.S. Procedure and Market Forecast for CRT, 2008-2015 Exhibit 2-9: CRT Supplier Shares, 2009 3.0 VENTRICULAR ASSIST DEVICES 3.1 VAD Types 3.1.1 Pump Placement 3.1.2 Pump/Flow Type 18.104.22.168 Pulsatile Flow 22.214.171.124 Continuous Flow 126.96.36.199.1 Axial 188.8.131.52.2 Centrifugal 3.1.3 Device Selection 3.2 VAD Indications 3.2.1 Bridge To Transplant 3.2.2 Bridge To Decision 3.2.3 Destination Therapy 3.2.4 Therapeutic Recovery 3.2.5 VAD Contraindications 3.3 Clinical Experience 3.4 Products and Suppliers 3.4.1 Berlin Heart 184.108.40.206 EXCOR 220.127.116.11 EXCOR Pediatric 18.104.22.168 Driver Consoles 22.214.171.124 INCOR 3.4.2 BiVACOR Pty Ltd 3.4.3 Calon Cardio-Technology 3.4.4 Cleveland Heart 126.96.36.199 SmartHeart LVAD 188.8.131.52 SmartHeart RVAD 3.4.5 CircuLite 3.4.6 Evaheart Medical USA 3.4.7 HeartWare International 184.108.40.206 System Description 220.127.116.11 Clinical Experience 18.104.22.168 Regulatory Status 22.214.171.124 Pipeline Developments 3.4.8 Jarvik Heart 3.4.9 Leviticus Cardio 3.4.10 MicroMed Cardiovascular 126.96.36.199 System Description 188.8.131.52 Regulatory Status 184.108.40.206 Clinical Experience 3.4.11 MiTiHeart 3.4.12 Terumo Heart 3.4.13 Thoratec 220.127.116.11 Thoratec VAD Systems 18.104.22.168.1 Thoratec PVAD 22.214.171.124.2 Thoratec IVAD 126.96.36.199.3 Driver Options 188.8.131.52 HeartMate LVAS 184.108.40.206.1 HeartMate XVE 220.127.116.11.2 HeartMate II 18.104.22.168.3 HeartMate III 3.4.14 Ventracor 3.4.15 WorldHeart 22.214.171.124 Novacor LVAS 126.96.36.199 Levacor VAD 188.8.131.52 PediaFlow VAD 184.108.40.206 MiVAD 3.5 Reimbursement 3.6 Market Analysis 3.6.1 Procedure Forecast 220.127.116.11 Bridge To Transplant 18.104.22.168 Destination Therapy 22.214.171.124 Future Considerations 3.6.2 Market Analysis 126.96.36.199 Bridge to Transplant 188.8.131.52 Destination Therapy 3.6.3 Competitive Analysis Exhibit 3-1: Overview of Mechanical Circulatory Assist Options Exhibit 3-2: Types of Ventricular Assist Devices Exhibit 3-3: Overview of VAD Indications Exhibit 3-4: Selected Clinical Outcomes of Therapeutic Recovery Exhibit 3-5: Considerations for VAD Patient Selection Exhibit 3-6: Selected External VAD Products and Suppliers, 2010 Exhibit 3-7: Selected Implantable VAD Products and Suppliers, 2010 Exhibit 3-8: Berlin Heart's VAD Products Exhibit 3-9: BiVACOR BV Assist Exhibit 3-10: SmartHeart VADs Exhibit 3-11: CircuLite's Synergy Pocket Micro-Pump Exhibit 3-12: Evaheart Left Ventricular Assist System Exhibit 3-13: HeartWare Ventricular Assist System Exhibit 3-14: HeartWare's Miniaturized Ventricular Assist Device (MVAD) Exhibit 3-15: Jarvik Heart's Jarvik 2000 Flowmaker Exhibit 3-16: MicroMed Technology's HeartAssist 5 Exhibit 3-17: MiTiHeart LVAD Exhibit 3-18: Terumo's DuraHeart LVAS Exhibit 3-19: The Thoratec VAD System Exhibit 3-20: Thoratec's HeartMate Product Line Exhibit 3-21: Ventracor's VentrAssist LVAS Exhibit 3-22: WorldHeart's Levacor VAD Exhibit 3-23: WorldHeart's PediaFlow Pediatric VAD Exhibit 3-24: WorldHeart's MiVAD Exhibit 3-25: The History of VAD Medicare Reimbursement Exhibit 3-26: VAD-Related CPT Codes & Physician Payments Exhibit 3-27: U.S. Procedure Forecast for Ventricular Assist Devices, 2008-2015 Exhibit 3-28: U.S. Market for Ventricular Assist Devices, 2008-2015 Exhibit 3-29: U.S. Market for Ventricular Assist Devices by Type, 2009 & 2015 Exhibit 3-30: U.S. Supplier Shares for Ventricular Assist Devices, 2009 Exhibit 3-31: Implantable VAD Supplier Shares, 2009 Exhibit 3-32: External VAD Supplier Shares, 2009 4.0 OTHER MECHANICAL CIRCULATORY ASSIST TECHNOLOGIES 4.1 Total Artificial Hearts 4.1.1 History 4.1.2 Indications 4.1.3 Products and Suppliers 184.108.40.206 Abiomed 220.127.116.11.1 Device Description 18.104.22.168.2 Clinical Experience 22.214.171.124.3 Regulatory Status 126.96.36.199.4 AbioCor II 188.8.131.52 CARMAT 184.108.40.206 SynCardia Systems 220.127.116.11.1 Device Description 18.104.22.168.2 Driver Options 22.214.171.124.3 Clinical Experience 126.96.36.199.4 Regulatory Status 188.8.131.52.5 Pricing/Distribution 184.108.40.206.6 Pipeline Developments 4.1.4 Patient and Market Forecast 4.2 Counterpulsation Technologies 4.2.1 Counterpulsating Cardiac Assist Implants 220.127.116.11 Intra-Aortic Ventricular Assist Device (CardioPlus) 18.104.22.168 Extra-Aortic Counterpulsation Implants 22.214.171.124.1 Cardiak Ltd. 126.96.36.199.2 QHeart Inc./BioQ Devices Pty Ltd. 188.8.131.52.3 SCR Inc. 184.108.40.206.4 Sunshine Heart 220.127.116.11 Procedure and Market Forecast 4.2.2 External Counterpulsation Technologies 18.104.22.168 Traditional External Counterpulsation 22.214.171.124.1 Indications and Contraindications 126.96.36.199.2 Product Description 188.8.131.52.3 Clinical Experience 184.108.40.206.4 Mechanisms of Action 220.127.116.11.5 Patient Selection 18.104.22.168.6 Reimbursement 22.214.171.124.7 Products and Suppliers 126.96.36.199 Muscular Counterpulsation (Cardiola Ltd.) 188.8.131.52.1 m.pulse System 184.108.40.206.2 Clinical Experience 220.127.116.11.3 Company Background
18.104.22.168 Patient and Market Forecast 22.214.171.124 Supplier Shares Exhibit 4-1: Overview of Other Mechanical Cardiac Assist Technologies Exhibit 4-2: Selected Total Artificial Heart Products and Programs, 2010 Exhibit 4-3: Abiomed's AbioCor Implantable Replacement Heart Exhibit 4-4: CARMAT Total Artificial Heart Exhibit 4-5: SynCardia temporary Total Artificial Heart Exhibit 4-6: Selected Clinical Outcomes of the SynCardia Temporary Total Artificial Heart Exhibit 4-7: U.S. Procedure and Market Forecast for TAHs, 2008-2015 Exhibit 4-8: Selected Counterpulsating Ventricular Assist Technologies, 2010 Exhibit 4-9: Kantrowitz CardioPlus Counterpulsating Ventricular Assist Device Exhibit 4-10: Cardiak AK-Pulsator Exhibit 4-11: QHeart BioQ Cardiac Assist System Exhibit 4-12: SCR Counterpulsation Device Exhibit 4-13: Sunshine Heart C-Pulse Counterpulsation Technology Exhibit 4-14: Counterpulsating CardiacAssist Devices, Patient and Market Forecast 2012-2015 Exhibit 4-15: Schematic of External Counterpulsation Exhibit 4-16: Indications and Contraindications for ECP Exhibit 4-17: External Counterpulsation Therapy Systems Exhibit 4-18: PEECH Trial Results Exhibit 4-19: Potential Mechanisms for Clinical Effectiveness of ECP Exhibit 4-20: Selected External Counterpulsation Systems, 2010 Exhibit 4-21: Cardiola m.pulse System Exhibit 4-22: External Counterpulsation, Patient and Market Forecast, 2008-2015 5.0 HEART FAILURE SURGERY 5.1 Cardiac Transplantation 5.1.1 Transplant Statistics 5.1.2 Transplant Forecast 5.2 Dynamic Cardiomyoplasty 5.2.1 Major Limitation and Potential Solutions 5.2.2 ACC/AHA Guidelines and Clinical Prospects 5.2.3 Products and Suppliers 5.3 Left Ventricular Volume Reduction 5.3.1 Partial Left Ventriculectomy 126.96.36.199 Procedure and Indications 188.8.131.52 Clinical Experience 184.108.40.206 Procedure Volume 5.3.2 Radiofrequency Reduction (CoRepair, Inc.) 5.4 Surgical Ventricular Reconstruction and Restoration 5.4.1 Ventricular Reconstruction Techniques 5.4.2 Indications 5.4.3 SVR Technologies 220.127.116.11 BioVentrix (CHF Technologies) 18.104.22.168 CardioPolymers Inc./Lone Star Heart Inc. 22.214.171.124 Chase Medical 126.96.36.199 COR Innovations 188.8.131.52 CorRestore LLC 5.4.4 Clinical Experience with SVR 184.108.40.206 STICH Trial Results 220.127.116.11 STICH Trial Critique 5.4.5 Reimbursement 5.4.6 Procedure Trend 5.4.7 Market Analysis 5.5 Global Surgical Ventricular Reduction and Restoration 5.6 Minimally Invasive Stand-Alone Surgical Cardiac Support 5.6.1 Products 18.104.22.168 Acorn Cardiovascular 22.214.171.124 CardioKinetix 126.96.36.199 CorAssist Cardiovascular Ltd. 188.8.131.52 CorInnova 184.108.40.206 Paracor Medical 5.6.2 Procedure and Market Forecast 5.7 Cardiac Compression Exhibit 5-1: Current and Emerging Surgical Approaches to Heart Failure, 2010 Exhibit 5-2: Indications for Cardiac Transplantation Exhibit 5-3: Trend in Cardiac Transplants in U.S., 1988-2010 Exhibit 5-4: Transplants by Patient Characteristics, 1990, 2000, 2005 and 2010 Exhibit 5-5: Heart Transplant Waiting List, 2010 Exhibit 5-6: Selected Surgical Ventricular Restoration Systems, 2010 Exhibit 5-7: BioVentrix' Epicardial Left Ventricular Restoration Procedure Exhibit 5-8: CardioPolymers' Algisyl-LVR Implant and Delivery Exhibit 5-9: Chase Medical TR3ISVR System Exhibit 5-10: TR3ISVR Procedure Exhibit 5-11: CorRestore Patch Implant Exhibit 5-12: Major Criticisms of STICH Trial Exhibit 5-13: SVR, Procedure and Market Forecast, 2008-2015 Exhibit 5-14: Selected Minimally Invasive Surgical Cardiac Support Devices, 2010 Exhibit 5-15: Acorn Cardiovascular CorCap and Gen 2 CorCap Devices Exhibit 5-16: CardioKinetix' Parachute Implant and Procedure Exhibit 5-17: CorAssist ImCardia Extraventricular Device Exhibit 5-18: CorInnova CardiacSTAR Device Exhibit 5-19: Paracor Medical HeartNet Ventricular Support System Exhibit 5-20: Minimally Invasive Surgical Cardiac Support, Procedure & Market Forecast, 2013-2015 6.0 OTHER HEART FAILURE TECHNOLOGIES 6.1 Device-Based Fluid Reduction Strategies 6.1.1 Potential Risks of Chronic Diuretic Therapy 6.1.2 Technologies and Suppliers 220.127.116.11 Ultrafiltration/Aquapheresis 18.104.22.168.1 CHF Solutions 22.214.171.124.2 National Quality Care 126.96.36.199 Active Renal Infusion 188.8.131.52.1 Products and Suppliers 184.108.40.206.2 Potential Application to Heart Failure 220.127.116.11 Automated Low Flow Ascites Therapy (NovaShunt AG) 18.104.22.168 Transseptal Shunt (Atria Medical) 6.1.3 Patient and Market Forecast 6.2 Neurostimulation 6.2.1 Technologies Targeting Heart Failure 22.214.171.124 BioControl Medical 126.96.36.199 Cardiac Concepts 188.8.131.52 CVRx 184.108.40.206 Impulse Dynamics 220.127.116.11 Medtronic 18.104.22.168 Nephera 6.2.2 Market Analysis 6.3 Hemodynamic Monitoring 6.3.1 Rationale 6.3.2 Technology 6.3.3 Products and Suppliers 22.214.171.124 Boston Scientific Corporation/Remon Medical Technologies 126.96.36.199 CardioMEMS 188.8.131.52 Endotronix 184.108.40.206 Integrated Sensing Systems 220.127.116.11 Medtronic 18.104.22.168 St. Jude Medical 22.214.171.124 Vital Sensors 6.3.4 Patient and Market Forecast Exhibit 6-1: Other Device-Based Heart Failure Technologies, 2010 Exhibit 6-2: Selected Device-Based Fluid Reduction Technologies, 2010 Exhibit 6-3: CHF Solutions' Aquadex FlexFlow System Exhibit 6-4: Selected Results: UNLOAD Study Exhibit 6-5: National Quality Care Wearable Ultrafiltration System Exhibit 6-6: Active Renal Infusion Therapy Exhibit 6-7: NovaShunt AG Automated Fluid Shunt Pump Exhibit 6-8: Device-Based Fluid Reduction, Market Forecast, 2002-2008 Exhibit 6-9: Selected Neurostimulation Programs Targeting Heart Failure, 2010 Exhibit 6-10: BioControl Medical's CardioFit System Exhibit 6-11: Cardiac Concepts' RespiCardia System Exhibit 6-12: CVRx Rheos System Exhibit 6-13: Impulse Dynamic's Optimizer III System Exhibit 6-14: Timelines of Heart Failure Pressure Monitoring Prophylaxis Exhibit 6-15: Selected Hemodynamic Monitoring Implants, 2010 Exhibit 6-16: Boston Scientific's RemonCHF System Exhibit 6-17: CardioMEMS' Champion Heart Failure Pressure Management System Exhibit 6-18: Integrated Sensing Systems' Wireless Left Atrial Pressure Monitoring System Exhibit 6-19: Medtronic Chronicle Hemodynamic Monitoring Technology Exhibit 6-20: St. Jude HeartPOD Technology Exhibit 6-21: Heart Failure Hemodynamic Monitoring, Patient Forecast, 2008-2015 Exhibit 6-22: Heart Failure Hemodynamic Monitoring, Market Forecast, 2008-2015 7.0 CELL AND GENE THERAPY 7.1 Cell Transplantation Therapy 7.1.1 Approaches and Cell Types 126.96.36.199 Skeletal Myoblasts 188.8.131.52.1 Clinical Experience 184.108.40.206.2 Benefits and Limitations 220.127.116.11.3 Conclusions 18.104.22.168 Stem Cells 22.214.171.124.1 Challenges 126.96.36.199.2 Bone Marrow Stem Cells 188.8.131.52.3 Circulating Blood Stem Cells 184.108.40.206.4 Combining Stem Cell Therapy with Other Approaches 220.127.116.11.5 Clinical Experience (STAR Heart Study) 18.104.22.168.6 Developments 22.214.171.124 Cardiovascular Progenitor Cells 126.96.36.199.1 Cell Sources 188.8.131.52.2 Clinical Experience 184.108.40.206.3 Conclusions 7.1.2 Products and Suppliers 220.127.116.11 Advanced Cell Technology 18.104.22.168 Angioblast Systems, Inc. 22.214.171.124 BioCardia 126.96.36.199 Bioheart 188.8.131.52 Cell Transplants Singapore Pte. Ltd. 184.108.40.206 Juventas Therapeutics 220.127.116.11 MG Biotherapeutics LLC 18.104.22.168 RegenoCELL Therapeutics 22.214.171.124 TheraVitae Co. Ltd. 7.1.3 Addressable Market Opportunity 7.1.4 Procedure and Market Forecast 7.2 Gene Therapy 7.2.1 Molecular Targets 7.2.2 Vectors for Gene Delivery 7.2.3 Mechanisms of Cardiac Gene Delivery 7.2.4 Commercial Programs and Products 126.96.36.199 Celladon 188.8.131.52.1 MYDICAR 184.108.40.206.2 Clinical Experience (CUPID Trial) 220.127.116.11 NanoCor Therapeutics 7.2.5 Future Directions Exhibit 7-1: Comparison of Cell and Gene Therapy Approaches to Chronic Heart Failure Exhibit 7-2: Approaches to Heart Failure Cell Transplantation Exhibit 7-3: Selected Human Studies of Autologous Skeletal Myoblast-Based Cardiac Cell Transplantation Exhibit 7-4: Incidence of Arrhythmia in Autologous Skeletal Cell Transplantation Exhibit 7-5: Proposed Mechanisms of Action of Stem Cells in Cardiac Repair Exhibit 7-6: Delivery Approaches for Cardiac Cell Transplantation Therapy Exhibit 7-7: Incidence of Arrhythmias in Bone Marrow Stem Cell Transplantation Exhibit 7-8: Comparison of Major Types of Bone Marrow Stem Cells Targeting Cardiac Repair Exhibit 7-9: Selected Five-Year STAR Heart Study Outcomes Exhibit 7-10: Selected Trials of Stem Cell Transplantation for Chronic Heart Failure Exhibit 7-11: Selected Cell Based Therapies for Heart Failure, 2010 Exhibit 7-12: BioCardia Helical Biotherapeutic Catheter (Helix) Exhibit 7-13: Addressable Opportunity for Adjunctive Heart Failure Cell Therapy at Various Penetration and Pricing Levels, 2013 Exhibit 7-14: Heart Failure Cell Therapy, Procedure and Market Forecast, 2013-2015 Exhibit 7-15: Promising Gene Therapy Molecular Targets for Heart Failure Exhibit 7-16: Properties of Vector Systems for Gene Transfer Exhibit 7-17: Comparison of Cardiac Gene Transferring Approaches 8.0 COMPANY PROFILES 8.1 Advanced Cell Technology 8.2 Berlin Heart 8.3 Bioheart, Inc.
8.3 Boston Scientific Corporation 8.4 CHF Solutions/Gambro 8.5 HeartWare International 8.6 Medtronic 8.7 St. Jude Medical Inc. 8.8 SynCardia Systems Inc. 8.9 Thoratec Corporation 8.10 Vasomedical, Inc. 8.11 WorldHeart Corporation